Vastu Shashtra


The Traditional Hindu system of architecture is known as Vastu Shastra (vāstu śāstra). The Vastu Shastra literally means and translates to "science of architecture". There are texts found on the Indian subcontinent that denotes the principles of design, ground preparation, space arrangement layout, measurements, and spatial geometry. Vastu Shastra includes traditional Hindu and in some cases Buddhist principles. The designs and structures are intended to integrate architecture with the relative functions of various parts of the structure, nature, and ancient beliefs utilizing geometric patterns or Yantras, symmetry and directional alignments.

Vastu Shashtra

Vastu Shastra is the form of textual Vastu Vidya, Vastu Vidya is believed to be the broader knowledge about architecture and design theories derived from ancient India. Vastu Vidya is a collection of ideas and knowledge concepts, which may or may not have the support of layout diagrams that are not rigid. Rather, these concepts and ideas work as models for the organization of space, their usage, and from within a structure or assembly of buildings, based on their functions in relation to each other, and to the overall fabric of the Vastu. Early Vastu Shastra philosophies include those for the design of Hindu Temples or Mandir and the philosophies for the project and layout of households, cities, cities, parks, roads, water works, shops and other public areas.

Vastu Shashtra

There are many Vastu-Sastras in the making of a building or house, temples, towns, and cities. Out of which one Vastu Sastra is by Thakkura Pheru, which talks about the building of temples. Vastu-Sastra also consists of manuals including chapters on the home construction, town planning and kingdoms integrated temples, water bodies and gardens within them to achieve harmony with nature.


The book Silpa Prakasa of Odisha, authored by Ramacandra Bhattaraka Kaulacara written sometime in the tenth century, is another Vastu Sastra itself. It describes the geometric philosophies in every aspect of the shrine and representation such as 16 emotions of human beings carved as 16 kinds of female records.

Vastu Shashtra


These early Vastu-Sastras, usually discuss and denote the philosophies of Hindu temple design, but do not just limit itself to the structure and design of a Hindu temple. In fact, they specify the temple as a holistic part of its community and lay out different philosophies and a variety and diversity of alternative schemes for home, village, and city layout along with the temple, gardens, water bodies, and nature.